Saturday, 12 May 2012

My Books: Itihas Ra Parihas (Part I & II), Sambalpur Ra Kruti Santana , Sambalpur Ra Parichaya (Written & Edited) Sadharana Purush (Autobiography)



  ସମ୍ବଲପୁର ର ସଂକ୍ଷିପ୍ତ ଇତିହାସ 

  ସ୍ଵାଧୀନତା ସଂଗ୍ରାମ -ହୀରା ବ୍ୟବସାୟ-
  ସମ୍ବଲପୁରୀ  ବାନ୍ଧକଳା- ନାଚ- ଗୀତ                                                                         

  ପର୍ବପର୍ବାଣୀ         ସମ୍ପର୍କରେ

ଇତିହାସ ରେ ପରିହାସ ରେ
ହୀରାକୁଦ ନଦୀ ବନ୍ଧର ସୁବର୍ଣ୍ଣ ଜୟନ୍ତୀ ?
ମହାନଦୀରେ ଦ୍ଵିତୀୟ ବନ୍ଧ ନିର୍ମାଣ
ଇବ ନଦୀର ଅଭିଶାପ
ଓଡିଶାରେ ନଦୀସଂଯୋଗକାରୀ ଯୋଜନା  ସମ୍ପର୍କରେ

                                                                           ସମ୍ବଲପୁର ର କୃତୀସନ୍ତାନ  ରେ
                                                                          ୩୫ଜଣ କୃତୀ ସନ୍ତାନ ଙ୍କ ଚିତ୍ର              


                               ଆତ୍ମ  ଜୀବନୀ

River Linking Projects in Odisha ( India )

River Linking Projects in Odisha ( India )
Orissa will only carry water from Brahmaputra to Godavari
 The December 2004 Tsunami has changed the geographical scenario of many places of Asia   including India. Nature can do anything. Mankind is helpless. But, how far it is justified to change the map of our country, under the pretext of bringing water from highly populated areas to the areas where there is scarcity of water?  If the river linkage project is implemented, it is definite that hundreds of villages will be submerged, and it will bring a change in the map of India.

 From 1950 to 1993, 2 crore 16 lakh people were displaced for various mega projects like big dams, thermal stations, big industries and sanctuaries in India . Among the affected people 45% are from Schedule tribes and most of them are from the poorer section. Due to the thirty proposed River linking projects, how many hundreds of villages will be submerged in water and how many crores of people will be displaced, it is yet to be estimated. Detailed Project reports are yet to be prepared. For this man made Tsunami, map of India may be changed entirely.

 In 2001, the Central Government's National Water Development Agency had estimated 5 lakh 60 thousand Crore rupees as the cost of these projects. Now the cost may go up to more than 25 lakh Crore rupees. It has been envisaged to irrigate about 3 crore 50 lakh hectares of cultivable land and generate 35 thousand megawatt Hydro Electric power.

The objectives of the project are flood control, drought control, supply of drinking water, fishery, water supply to industries, and pollution control. If this project is implemented, the possibility of commercialization of water cannot be ruled out.

 In March 2005, the Minister of Water Resources informed that in the first phase Ken-Betwa project, and in the second phase Parvati-Kalisindh-Chambal project will be implemented, In the second phase Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan states are involved. In the third phase, Mahanadi-Godabari project will be implemented. The central minister of Water Resources said, "The main issue is the consensus amongst the states involved in these projects". Prior to this, in December 2002, the then minister of Water Resources of Orissa  said, "A plan is in the process of being worked out to link all the rivers from Subarnarekha to Rishikulya". It is learnt from the statement of the minister of Orissa, that the Government of Orissa is prepared to implement the River linking Plan.
 It is learnt from reliable sources that the following projects may be implemented. The Subarnarekha - ­Mahanadi project may be implemented. Then the Ganga - Damodar - Subarnarekha project will be expanded and will be linked with Subarnrekha - Mahanadi project.
 Under the Ganga - Damodar - Subarnarekha project, Subarnarekha barrage will be built at Bosraghat in West Bengal. In this project Orissa, Bihar and West Bengal will be involved. About 8 lakh 48 thousand hectares of land will be irrigated in total, and out of this only 30 thousand hectares will be irrigated in Orissa.                   .                                                                                                                                                                                                    

 As envisaged in the Subarnarekha- Mahanadi project, water will be carried from Subarnarekha barrage to Manibhadra reservoir in Orissa. Construction of Manibhadra Dam and about 313 km of irrigation canals are included in this project. It is likely, more than one lakh and 75 thousand hectares of land is to be acquired for this. By submerging one lakh 75 thousand hectares of land, only four lakh 18 thousand hectares (about two and half times) will be irrigated through Manibhadra Reservoir. In any project, standard practice applied should be as follows: Proposed irrigated land should be atleast 5 to 8 times the land to be submerged. Any deviation to it is not justified.

 Through large dam projects, only partial control of floods can be achieved. Complete flood control is not possible. If Manibhadra Dam project is implemented more than one lakh seventy-five thousand hectares of land will be submerged. As a result, lakhs of people will be displaced. The people of these affected areas have already rejected this Manibhadra project. If the name of Manibhadra project is changed to Subalaya, it will also be rejected by the people. One side of the river is named Manibhadra and the other side Subalaya.
 It is said that through the river-linkage projects pollution will be controlled. But the fact remains that more than 60 thousand hectares of forest land may be submerged. As a result the habitats of the wild animals will be affected, which will have a great impact on the surrounding. It is really a ludicrous proposition that there will be pollution control under these conditions.
 The Minister of Water Resources has admitted that in this project, agreement of the involved parties is most necessary. In the past, a lot of agreements have been signed on the issue of distribution of water between different states, but in many cases these agreements have been violated. The central government gets into embarrassing position for these disputes.  If the issue is not solved at the political level, some states go to the courts of law for settlement. There is little hope of the concerned states giving their consent for River-linking projects. There is scarcity of water in river Mahanadi in any season, other than rainy reason.  In fact, Orissa will only function as a medium of carrying water from Brahmaputra to Godavari. Orissa will not be benifitted in any manner. All these project proposals are now in cold storage. Let it remain so.


Mahatma Gandhi visited Sambalpur on December22nd 1928-photo by courtsey -Late Manindra Mishra, Advocate

Mahatma Gandhi with Gokul Babu- December 1928

Mahatma Gandhi visited Sambalpur in 1928 and 1934

Mahatma Gandhi visited Sambalpur for the first time in December 1928. During first visit, he was hosted by  Chandra Sekhar Behera.  While parting, Chandra Sekhar   said, “ Hope you will come again to this place ”. Chandra Sekhar Behera’s wish was fulfilled in 1934.

Mahatma Gandhi  started his tour from Sambalpur during his Harijan Movement  in 1934. Mahatma took part in Swaraj Conference at Ranchi on  2nd & 3rd May. From Ranchi, he reached Jamshedpur via Chakradharpur on 4th May 1934. A Reception Committee had already been formed at Sambalpur to welcome  Mahatma. Benimadhab Supkar, President of the reception committee went to Jamshedpur to receive Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatmaji came by Bombay Mail to Jharsuguda with Benimadhab Supkar and reached  Jharsuguda at 3 am early morning , on 5th May.  Many dignitaries from Sambalpur and Jharsuguda received him at Jharsuguda Rilway Station . Mahatm Gandhi went to the house of  Sibji Nathu Bhai for taking rest, after arrival.

A  general meeting was organized at Jharsuguda in the morning. Gandhiji addressed the public and explained  how untouchability was causing harm to the society . Public of Jharsuguda collected Rupees  435 ten annas and 7 paise and handed over to Mahatma Gandhi . He came by car to Sambalpur in the morning and stayed in the house of Dr Ramchandra Mishra at Budharaja.  Thakkar Bapa, Balaji Govindji  Deshai,  journalist  Mr Bhutto, and Miraben had come along with Mahatma Gandhi to Sambalpur.
Mahatmaji visited Harijan Bastis with Benimadhab Supkar, Nrusingh Guru, Nityananda Bohidar in a car. Harijans handed over an amount of Rs 60/ to Mahatmaji.  Janardan Supkar gifted a house near Fatak Railway Station for Harijan Hostel , during Mahatma’s visit. Mahatmaji visited a clinic meant for leprosy patients at Mudipara. The clinic does not exist there, a water tank of PHD exist now.

In the afternoon, Gandhi addressed a general meeting in sand bed at river Mahanadi. A temporary bridge was constructed to cross water at Balunkeswar ghat. Benimadhab Supkar read the welcome address. Gandhiji auctioned the gifts he received at the meeting place. Total collection at the meeting  was   Rs 535 only.

Mahatma Gandhi left for Cuttack by car in the evening.

Hirakud Dam displaced villager - 1951/1952 - Photos- Courtsey : Biswaksen Bohidar

My village will be submerged ? (Unknown displaced)
  -Photo 13.11.52
Hirakud Dam was built here  -Photo  23.3.51

Friday, 11 May 2012

Dr Janardan Pujari, Janardan Supkar & others at village Bhulka 1927- Picnic Photo

Jagannath Temple, Brahmapura Gudi at Jharuapara, Sambalpur 1924

Brahmapura Gudi, Jharuapada  1924

Lt. General W.R.Gilbert , Political agent , Sambalpur : W.R.Gilbert collections (1825 )- By Unknown artiste

Fort, Sambalpur  1825

Fort Sambalpur 1825

Fort Sambalpur 1825

Samlei Gudi 1825

W.Gilbert Residence 1825

W.Gilbert Residence 1825

 Fort Sambalpur 1825

Sambalpur Fort 1825 by anonymous artiste

Brahmapura Gudi, Sambalpur 1825 by anonymous artiste
W.R.Gilbert collection


Sambalpur Ra Krutisantan (Book)-Illustrious Sons of Sambalpur- Artiste Nrusingh Charan Sahu

Sudhala Deb
Balabhadra Supkar

Khageswar Seth

Bhima Bhoi

Bodhram Dubey

Brajamohan Panda

Chamara Parida

Chandrasekhar Behera

Datananda Satpathy
Dharanidhar Mishra
Gangadhar Meher

Ghanashyam Panigrahi

Gourishankar Sahani

Dr Isac Santra

Dr Janardan Pujari

Khageswar Seth

Krutartha Acharya

Laxminarayan Mishra

Loknath Panda

Mahanta Bihari Das

Muralidhar Tali

Nrusingha Guru

Parsuram Mishra

Parbati Giri

Prabhabati Debi
Brajmohan Pattanaik

Prabhudayal Lath

Prasannakumar Panda

Satyanarayan Bohidar

Shankarprasad Padhi

Shiba Prasad Dash

Dr Shraddhakar Supkar

Sripati Mishra


Vir Surendra Sae